Home > Islam-Salaf-us-Salih > The one who asked the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) to supplicate for him and to ask for his forgiveness from Allaah after his (the Prophet’s) death, is this shirk? – Shaykh Saalih Aal al-Shaykh hafidahullaah

The one who asked the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) to supplicate for him and to ask for his forgiveness from Allaah after his (the Prophet’s) death, is this shirk? – Shaykh Saalih Aal al-Shaykh hafidahullaah

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

وَمَن يَدْعُ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا آخَرَ لَا بُرْهَانَ لَهُ بِهِ فَإِنَّمَا حِسَابُهُ عِندَ رَبِّهِ ۚ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الْكَافِرُونَ
And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allah, any other ilah (god), of whom he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! Al-Kafirun (the disbelievers in Allah and in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, pagans, idolaters, etc.) will not be successful. 23:117

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من سأل النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أن يدعو له وأن يطلب له المغفرة من الله بعد موته، هل هذا شرك؟

The one who asked the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) to supplicate for him and to ask for his forgiveness from Allaah after his (the Prophet’s) death, is this shirk?

The Shaykh Saalih Aal al-Shaykh [hafidahullaah] answer :

نعم، هو شرك أكبر لأن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يُدعى بعد موته، فطلب الدعاء من الميت، وطلب الدعاء بالإغاثة أو الاستسقاء؛ يعني أن يدعو الله أن يغيث، أو أن يدعو الله أن يغفر، أن يدعو الله أن يعطي ونحو ذلك، هذا كله داخل في لفظ الدعاء والله – عز وجل – قال {وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلَا تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَدًا} [الجن:18] ، والذي يقول إنّ هذه الصورة وهي طلب الدعاء تخرج عن الطلب الذي به يكون الشرك شركًا فإنه ينقض أصل التوحيد كله في هذا الباب، فكل أنواع الطلب؛ طلب الدعاء يعني طلب الدعاء من الميت، طلب المغفرة من الميت، أو طلب الدعاء من الميت أن يدعو الله أن يغفر، أو طلب الإغاثة من الميت أو طلب الإعانة أو نحو ذلك كلها باب واحد هي طلب، والطلب دعاء فداخلة في قوله تعالى {وَمَنْ يَدْعُ مَعَ اللَّهِ إِلَهًا آخَرَ لَا بُرْهَانَ لَهُ بِهِ فَإِنَّمَا حِسَابُهُ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الْكَافِرُونَ} [المؤمنون:117] ، وفي قوله {وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلَا تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَدًا} ، وفي قوله {وَالَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِنْ دُونِهِ مَا يَمْلِكُونَ مِنْ قِطْمِيرٍ} [فاطر:13] ، ونحو ذلك من الآيات، فالتفريق مضاد للدليل، ومن فهم من كلام بعض أئمتنا التفريق أو أن هذا طلب الدعاء من الميت أنه بدعة لا يعني أنه ليس بشرك بل هو بدعة شركية, يعني ما كان أهل الجاهلية يفعلونه، وإنما كانوا يتقربون ليدعوا لهم، لكن أن يُطْلَبَ من الميت الدعاء هذا بدعة ما كانت أصلًا موجودة لا عند الجاهليين ولا عند المسلمين فحدثت فهي بدعة ولاشك، ولكنها بدعة شركية كفرية وهي معنى الشفاعة، إيش معنى الشفاعة التي من طلبها من غير الله فقد أشرك؟ الشفاعة طلب الدعاء، طلب الدعاء من الميت هو الشفاعة.

Translation :

Yes, it is major shirk because the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) is not invoked after his death. Requesting supplication from the dead and requesting (their) supplication (for them to) request rescue and sending of rain, meaning that he supplicates to Allaah that He grants relief or he supplicates to Allaah to forgive (that person making the request), that he supplicates to Allaah to give (that person) and what is like this, all of it is enters into the word “du’a” (supplication) and Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic said, “And the mosques are for Allaah, so do not invoke anyone alongside Allaah” (72:18).

And the one who says that this form, which is to request the supplication (of the deceased) exits from that (type of) request through which shirk is actually shirk, then he has demolished the entire foundation of Tawheed in this particular topic.

For all types of request (talab), requesting supplication, meaning requesting supplication from the dead or requesting aid and what is like that, all of it (enters) into the same subject, which is request (talab), and requesting is supplicating (du’a), so it enters into His, the Most High’s saying, “And whoever invokes besides Allah, any other ilah (god) of whom he has no proof then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely, the disbelievers will not be successful.” (23:117) and it (enters) into His saying, “And the mosques are for Allaah, so do not invoke anyone alongside Allaah” (72:18) and into His saying “And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even the thin membrane over the dateýstone” (35:13) and what is like them of the verses.

Hence, making the separation clashes with the evidence and whoever understood from some of the speech of our Scholars (this) separation or that this requesting of supplication from the dead is a bid’ah (innovation), this does not mean it is not (at the same time) shirk, rather it is an innovated (form) of shirk, with the meaning that the people of Jaahiliyyah did not used to perform this (particular type of shirk). They used to seek nearness to (their deities) so they in turn would supplicate for them. However, that the dead are requested to supplicate, this is a bid’ah, it was not present originally, neither with the people of Jaahiliyyah and nor with the Muslims, then it occurred, and so it is an innovation no doubt (from this angle), however it is an innovation of shirk and kufr. And this is the (very) meaning of shafaa’ah (intercession), what is the meaning of intercession, that (intercession) which if a person seeks from other than Allaah he becomes a mushrik? intercession (means) to request supplication, requesting supplication from the dead, this is (the meaning) of intercession.

http://www.tawhidfirst.com/monotheism/articles/kcqzx-shaykh-saalih-aal-al-shaykh-on-the-ruling-on-requesting-the-prophets-supplication-after-his-death.cfm

courtesy : www.tawhidfirst.com

Abu Mariyah Junaid Bin Munawar Bin Ali Al-Hindi

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Baarak-Allaahu Feekum, wa sal-Allaahu wa sallam ‘alaa Nabiyyinaa Muhammad

was-Salaam ‘Alaykum wa-Rahmatullaahe wa Barakaatuhu

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وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا

“And whosoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follow other than the believers way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in the hell -what an evil destination (4 : 115)

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