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Excellence Of The Day Of Arafaah

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

وَشَاهِدٍ وَمَشْهُودٍ

And by the witnessing day (i.e. Friday), and by the witnessed day [i.e. the day of ‘Arafat (Hajj) the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah] 85:3

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All praise is for Allaah, Lord of all the Worlds, who ordered us to follow His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and to call to His Way, and may Allaah send praises and blessings of peace upon our Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and upon his family, his Companions, and those who truly follow them until the Day of Judgment.

Excellence Of The Day Of Arafaah

Excellence of the Day of ’Arafah

It Is The Day On Which The Deen I.E. Religion Of Islaam Was Perfected And Allaah’s Favour Was Completed.

In Al-Saheehayn I.e. Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim, it was reported from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (radiallaahu anhu – may Allaah be pleased with him) that a Jewish man said to him, “O Ameer al-Mu’mineen – O Leader of Believers, there is an aayah – verese in your Book which you recite; if it had come to us Jews, we would have taken that day as an ‘Eid (festival).” ‘Umar said, “Which aayah?” He said :

لْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا

“This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” 5:3. ‘Umar said, “We know on which day and in which place that was revealed to the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It was when he was standing in ‘Arafaah on a Friday.”

It Is A Day Of Eid For The People Who Are In That Place.

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said : “Yawm ‘Arafaah (the day of ‘Arafaah), Yawm al-Nahr (the Day of Sacrifice) and Ayyaam al-Tashreeq (the 3 days following Yawm al-Nahr) are Eid (festival) for us, the people of Islam. These are days of eating and drinking.” This was narrated by the authors of al-Sunan. As it was reported that ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (radiallaahu anhu) said : “It – i.e., the aayah ‘This day I have perfected…’ was revealed on a Friday, the Day of ‘Arafaah, both of which – praise be to Allaah – are Eids for us.”

It Is A Day By Which Allaah Swore An Oath.

The Almighty cannot swear by anything except that which is mighty. Yawm ‘Arafaah is the “witnessed day” mentioned in the aayah :

وَشَاهِدٍ وَمَشْهُودٍ

“By the witnessing day [Friday] and by the witnessed day [the Day of ‘Arafaah].” 85:3.

It was reported from Abu Hurayrah (radiallaahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said : “The promised day is the Day of Resurrection, the witnessed day is the Day of ‘Arafaah, and the witnessing day is Friday.” Narrated by Imaam al-Tirmidhi and classed as Sahih – authentic by Imaam al-Albaani.

It is the “odd” [i.e., odd-numbered, Witr] by which Allaah swore in the aayah :

وَالشَّفْعِ وَالْوَتْرِ

“And by the even and the odd” 89:3

Ibn ‘Abbaas (radiallaahu anhu) said : “The even is the Day of al-Adhaa [i.e., 10th Dhoo’l-Hijjah] and the odd is the Day of ‘Arafaah [i.e., 9th Dhoo’l-Hijjah] This is also the view of ‘Imaam Ikrimah and Imaam al-Dahhaak.

Fasting On This Day Is Expiation For Two Years.

It was reported from Abu Qutaadah (radiallaahu anhu) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was asked about fasting on the Day of ‘Arafaah. He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” Narrated by Imaam Muslim in his Sahih.

This (fasting) is mustahabb (recommended) for those who are not on Hajj. In the case of the one who is on Hajj, it is not Sunnah for him to fast on the Day of ‘Arafaah, because the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) did not fast on this day in ‘Arafaah. It was narrated that he forbade fasting on the Day of ‘Arafaah in ‘Arafaah.

It Is The Day On Which Allaah Took The Covenant From The Progeny Of Adam.

It was reported that Ibn ‘Abbaas (radiallaahu anhu) said : the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said : “Allaah took the covenant from the loins of Adam in Na’maan, i.e., ‘Arafaah. He brought forth from his loins all his offspring and spread them before Him, then He addressed them, and said : ‘Am I not your Lord? They said, ‘Yes, we testify,’ let you should say on the Day of Resurrection : ‘Verily, we have been unaware of this.’ Or lest you should say : ‘It was only our fathers aforetime who took others as partners in worship along with Allaah, and we were (merely their) descendents after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of men who practised Al-Baatil (i.e., ploytheism and committing crimes and sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allaah)?’ 7:172-173.” Narrated by Imaam Ahmad and classed as Sahih by Imaam al-Albaani.

And there is no greater day than this and no greater covenant than this.

It Is The Day Of Forgiveness Of Sins, Freedom From The Fire And Pride In The People Who Are There :

In SahIh Muslim it was narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (radiallaahu anha) that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said : “There is no day on which Allaah frees more people from the Fire than the Day of ‘Arafaah. He comes close and expresses His pride to the angels, saying, ‘What do these people want?’”

It was reported from Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said : “Allaah expresses His pride to His angels at the time of ‘Ishaa’ on the Day of ‘Arafaah, about the people of ‘Arafaah. He says, ‘Look at My slaves who have come unkempt and dusty.’” Narrated by Imaam Ahmad and classed as Sahih by Imaam al-Albaani.

O Allaah! Show us the truth as truth so that we may follow it, and show us falsehood as falsehood, so that we may abstain from it. Ameen.

Baarak-Allaahu Feekum, wa sal-Allaahu wa sallam ‘alaa Nabiyyinaa Muhammad

was-Salaam ‘Alaykum wa-Rahmatullaahe wa Barakaatuhu.

General Reminder : For any comments / Suggestions / Criticisms, please do not hesitate to mail us at haqkidawat , but we strictly prohibit any kind of amendments or annotations to all the emails sent by us.

وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا

And whosoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follow other than the believers way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in the hell – what an evil destination (4 : 115)

Beneficial Links

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