Home > Islam-Salaf-us-Salih > Zakaat Al-Fitr Is Obligatory

Zakaat Al-Fitr Is Obligatory

Assalamu alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,

It has been brought to my attention by one of our beloved and trustworthy brother that 1 Sa’a = 2.172 Kg and not approximately three kilogram, as mentioned by me previously.

refer : http://www.alifta.com/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?View=Page&PageID=57&PageNo=1&BookID=10

Abu Mariyah

haqkidawat

please find the revised mail below

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن تَزَكَّىٰ

Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success. 87:15

Zakaat Al-Fitr Is Obligatory

https://encrypted-tbn1.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRFCf5INmTm4eAvhhUdKmakOwlMscCjeiJHCoN8zG6PX8f6BLRD-McFkIZyWA

http://www.ashabulhadith.com/Arkanay_Islam/Arkanay_Islam_MP3/21.mp3

– Above is An Excellent Urdu Audio by Dr. Murtaza Baksh (hafidhahullaah)

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All praise is for Allaah, Lord of all the Worlds, who ordered us to follow His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and to call to His Way, and may Allaah send praises and blessings of peace upon our Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and upon his family, his Companions, and those who truly follow them until the Day of Judgment.

Zakaat al-fitr is a kind of obligatory charity that is at the conclusion of Ramadaan.

Imaam Nawawi (rahim’ullaah) has reported ijmaa (consensus) on Zakaat al-fitr to be fard (obligatory). refer : al-Majmoo, part 6

It is upon every Muslim who is self-supporting, i.e. if he has one saa’ of food or more than it, for himself and his family on the day and night of Eid.

Ibn Umar (radiyallahu ‘anha) said : “The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) enjoined zakaat al-fitr, a saa’ of dates, or a saa’ of barley, upon all the Muslims, slave and free, male and female, young and old, and he commanded that it be paid before the people went out to pray (Salaatul Eid).” refer : Sahih Bukhari

The saa’ of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), which is four times the amount that may be held in the two hands of a man of average build. It is also said a saa’ is 2.172 kilogram.

According to some of the Scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah, It is acceptable to give a saa’ of the local staple food (food that can be stored for use throughout the year) such as rice etc, as it is reported from Imaam Shaafi (rahim’ullaah) who said : “if the staple food of people is corn, pearl millet, thin-husked barley, rice or any grain on which (general) Zakaat is obligatory, then they may give it as Zakaat al-fitr. refer : al-Umm, part 2, Baab al-Rajul Yakhtalifu Qootuhu

The time for paying zakaat al-fitr starts after sunset on the last day of Ramadaan, which is the first night of the month of Shawwaal, and it ends with the Eid prayer.

Ibn Abaas (radiyallahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said : “Whoever pays it before the prayer, it is accepted zakaah (i.e., zakaat al-fitr), and whoever pays it after the prayer, it is ordinary charity.” refer : Sunnan Abu Dawood, Ibn Maajah, Daaraqutni.

The Muslim should give on his own behalf and on behalf of those on whom he spends, such as wives and children, if they cannot give it on their own behalf.

Imaam Shaafi (rahim’ullaah) said : The guardian of insane and the minor should give zakaat al-fitr on their behalf and on behalf of those for whom they [the insane and minor] may be responsible, just as the sane person should give on his own behalf.. If there is a kaafir among those whom he is supporting, he does not have to give zakaat al-fitr on his behalf, because he cannot be purified by zakaah (charity). refer : al-Umm, part 2, Baab zakaat al-fitr.

It is even permissible to pay it one, two or three days before Eid, as Ibn Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhu) used to pay it two or three days before Eid. refer : Sahih Bukhari

According to Imaam Ahmed (rahim’ullaah) “..Whoever dies after sunset on the night of fitr, sadaqat al-fitr must be given on his behalf.” refer : al-Mughni, part 2 Fasl Waqt Wujoob Zakaat al Fitr

It is not obligatory to give zakaat al-fitr on behalf of a fetus that is still in the mother’s womb, but if this is done voluntarily, there is nothing wrong in it.

Imaam Nawawi (rahim’ullaah) said : Imaam Shaafi said in al-Mukhtasar : “zakaat al-fitr is to be shared out among those to whom zakaat al-maal (zakaat of wealth) is shared out. I prefer that it should be given to relatives on whom it is not obligatory to spend at all. He (Imaam Shaafi) said : ‘if he (the one who is paying) prefers to give it to the one who is collecting it (organizations, etc.) this should be fine, Insha’Allaah …but it is better for him to share it out himself. refer : al-Majmoo, part 6

As for the question “Is it permissible to discharge zakaat al-fitr in money?”

Please refer, the below link http://bit.ly/MMkFOQ

It is to be noted that, whoever does not pay zakaat al-fitr or delays it after its time has sinned, and upon him is sincere repentance.

Note : ZakaatAl-Fitr if paid after it’s due time then it will be considered as general Sadaqah (charity) only and not Zakaat al-Fitr.

“O Allaah! Show us the truth as truth so that we may follow it, and show us falsehood as falsehood, so that we may abstain from it.” Ameen.

Baarak-Allaahu Feekum, wa sal-Allaahu wa sallam ‘alaa Nabiyyinaa Muhammad

was-Salaam ‘Alaykum wa-Rahmatullaahe wa Barakaatuhu.

General Reminder : For any comments / Suggestions / Criticisms, please do not hesitate to mail us at haqkidawat , but we strictly prohibits any kind of amendments or annotations to all the emails sent by us.

وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا

“And whosoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follow other than the believers way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in the hell-what and evil destination (4 : 115)

 

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