Home > Islam-Salaf-us-Salih > A Concise Study Guide To Fasting The Month of Ramaḍān – Abū Ādam Jamīl Finch [hafidahullaah]

A Concise Study Guide To Fasting The Month of Ramaḍān – Abū Ādam Jamīl Finch [hafidahullaah]

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ ۖ فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا

O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination. 4:59

A Concise Study Guide To Fasting The Month of Ramaḍān



Before the reader are brief and concise notes from a four-day seminar that was conducted at Masjid Muqbil Ibn Hādī al-Wādiᶜī [d. 1422 AH] in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [U.S] (1) on the topic of “Fiqh Rulings of Ramaḍān.”

The book that was used is titled : Akhṣar al-Mukhtaṣirāt, translated to mean :“The Most Concise Summary [on Fiqh Rulings] (2).”

The book was written by Imām Muḥammad b. Badr al-Dīn Balbān [d. 1083 AH]. During the seminar, this concise book was coupled with parts of its explanation by the great, contemporary, elder scholar, Dr. Ṣāliḥ b. Fawzān al-Fawzān (3), may Allāh protect him.

When reading the study guide, that which is preceded by a bullet point is the speech of the author of Akhṣar al-Mukhtaṣirāt, Muḥammad b. Badr al-Dīn Balbān, and other than that is the speech of Dr. Ṣāliḥ b. Fawzān al-Fawzān. That which is from the translator is proceeded by [TN], translator’s notes.

Finally, this study guide is not meant to be a comprehensive guide to the fiqh of fasting. Rather, it is meant to be as brief and concise as possible. Therefore, differing between the scholars of Islām will not be mentioned, and it is not far-fetched that the reader may read or hear different opinions other than those mentioned in this study guide.

We ask Allāh, the Exalted, to make this effort solely for Him. And may He, the All Able, make it of benefit to its compiler and to those who read it. And may Allāh’s peace and blessings be upon His last Messenger, al-Muṣṭafā, Muḥammad b. Abdillāh.

View the Study Guide by Clicking Below :

[2nd Edition]


Written By :

Abū Ādam Jamīl Finch
Umm al-Qurā University, Makkah, K.S.A, College of Sharīᶜah

Philadelphia, PA. – West Oak Lane
25th of Shᶜabān, 1432AH/July 23, 2011


Abu Mariyah Junaid Bin Munawar Bin Ali Al-Hindi


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“O Allaah! Show us the truth as truth so that we may follow it, and show us falsehood as falsehood, so that we may abstain from it.” Ameen.

Baarak-Allaahu Feekum, wa sal-Allaahu wa sallam ‘alaa Nabiyyinaa Muhammad

was-Salaam ‘Alaykum wa-Rahmatullaahe wa Barakaatuhu

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وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا

“And whosoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follow other than the believers way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in the hell -what an evil destination (4 : 115)

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